Finally! A Definitive List of What Those F1 – F12 Keys Do

Why do those tiny F buttons at the top of your keyboard serve what they do, Have you ever wondered? They actually do a lot more, but you’ve probably only used them to change your volume or screen brightness. Remember that depending on the type of computer you have, some of these function key shortcuts may differ. certain features can also be changed, albeit some computers ship with pre-set functions for certain keys that you must explicitly override.

What Those F1 – F12 Keys Do
What Those F1 – F12 Keys Do /

So check your settings to see how your computer has been configured before smashing the keyboard in fury while trying to get them to work. Usually, they can be made to function by pressing the fn button together with the F keys.

The mystery surrounding those function keys has an explanation here. You won’t believe how much they are capable of.

What Those F1 – F12 Keys Do? F Keys: A Manual


  • When the Windows button is pressed, the help menu opens.
  • when the Control button is pressed, the Excel and Word ribbon menu is hidden or displayed.


  • Microsoft Office’s Document Library is opened when Alt + Ctrl + F2 is pressed.
  • permits you to change the name of the selected folder or file in Windows Explorer.
  • Excel’s active cell can be modified.
  • In Microsoft Word, pressing Ctrl + F2 shows a print preview.


  • opens the Windows Explorer search window.
  • In Word, you can switch between lowercase, uppercase, and all capitals by pressing Shift + F3.
  • opens the locate feature in Chrome and Firefox
  • launches Mission Control on a Mac using macOS X.


  • The window shuts with Alt + F4
  • places the cursor in Explorer’s address bar.


  • Launches PowerPoint slide show Refreshes Internet browser pages
  • A web page will totally refresh when you press Ctrl + F5, emptying the cache and downloading everything once more.
  • Opens In Microsoft Office, use Find and Replace.


  • Ctrl + Shift + F6 in Microsoft Word navigates to the subsequent page on a split screen and makes switching between Word documents simple.


  • In Microsoft Word, pressing Alt + F7 runs a spell- and grammar-checker.
  • Open the thesaurus in Microsoft Word by pressing Shift + F7.


  • Turn on the arrow keys’ expand mode in Excel.
  • enables Windows’ safe mode
  • To show a thumbnail for each workspace on macOS.


  • Microsoft Word document is updated.
  • Outlook email sends and receives emails
  • Word’s empty fields can be added with Ctrl + F9.
  • in macOS 10.3 or later, shows a thumbnail for each window in a single workspace.


  • S menu bar opens
  • Shift + F10 performs the same function as a right-click whereas Ctrl + F10 maximizes the window in Word.


  • Leave and switch to full-screen mode in your browser
  • In Excel, Shift + F11 creates a new spreadsheet.
  • In macOS 10.4 or later, hides all open windows and displays the desktop.


  • Opens Word Save As
  • Word document saving with Shift + F12
  • Opens a Word document with Ctrl + F12.
  • Printing a Word document using Ctrl + Shift + F12
  • The dashboard can be shown and hidden in macOS 10.4 or later using F12.

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